Course Topics

This two-day program details the source and use of marine fuels, how they are made, delivered and accounted for, and how things can go terribly wrong if the proper fuel is not provided as per builder's specifications. The course topics covered are:

  • Discussion of Crude Oil Refining – Simple / Complex

  • Meeting IMO requirements Using Mechanical

  • Marine Fuels – Types and Use

        Residual Fuels / Distillate Fuels

        Commercial Names of Each Type

        How Each is Made – Processing / Blending

        Distillation – Cracking (Using Catalysts)

        Discussion of Resulting Impurities 

     Methods and Alternative Low Sulphur Fuels


         - LNG (as used on LNG / non-LNG carriers)

         - Ammonia / CNG / Hydrogen / Methanol

         - LPG (as used on LPG / non-LPG carriers)

         - Other

  • Types of Ship Engines – Operational Description

        Steam Turbine / Diesel

        Fuels Needed for Each

        Testing and Treating Needed Prior to Use

  • Requirements for Low Sulphur Fuels
  • GHG Emission Reduction and Environmental Concerns
  • Safety (HSE) 

  • Definitions and Acronyms
  • ISO 8217 - Bunker Quality Standard

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Use of Each Type of Fuel 

  • Min/Max Limits of Parameters

  • Damages that May Result if Limits Exceeded

  • New International Code of Safety for Ships Using Gases or Other Low-Flashpoint Fuels (IGF Code)

  • Potential Dangers of Loading On Top of Bunkers in Tanks

  • Types and Construction of Tanks

  • How to Stem and Obtain Bunkers - Current Bunker Prices

  • Bunker Whitelist

  • Special Precautions Needed for Bunkering and Measurement

  • Bunker Fuel Oil Delivery - On Spec / Off Spec - What are Specs?
  • Pre-delivery Fuel Oil Documentation
  • Bunker Delivery Note / Letter of Protest

  • Marpol VI - Summary / Provisions / Penalties
  • ISO 13739
  • Impact of IMO 2020

  • Bunker Check-Lists
  • Types of Bunker Surveys - Purchase / Sale - Loss Control

  • Vessel Performance - Speed - Fuel - Cargo Conversion


Program Objective: To introduce the participants to the world of bunkers and the fueling of ships.  To show how managing bunkers accurately is an essential piece in controlling ship costs.