Course Topics

This two-day course provides an excellent overview of the Liquefied Gases currently used and transported by ship around the world today including LNG, LPG, Ammonia, and the chemical gases, their sources, uses, markets, hazards/requirements, handling, storage, measurement, the tanks they are stored in and the specialty ships that carry them.  Among the topics covered will be:


  • State of Matter - Solids / Liquids / Gases
  • What is Liquefied Gas?  Its Markets / Uses
        - LNG - LPG - NGLs - Chemicals
  • Sources of Natural Gas - Gas Processing
  • Benefits / Methods of Liquefaction
  • Current / Proposed LNG Projects
  • History of LNG / Liquefied Gas Industry
  • Potential Hazards / Safety Precautions
  • Government Regulatory Agencies
  • Storage Tanks - In-Ground / Full Containment / Other
  • Shore Terminal Equipment / Instrumentation
  • Gas Carrier Designs - LNG / LPG / Ethylene - Other
        - Refrigerated / Pressurized / Semis / LNG
  • The IMO/IGC Code - Flag State/ Class / SIGTTO
  • Cargo Tanks / Types A,B,C - Membrane – Other

  • GIIGNL - CLNG - GSA - ASTM – Other
  • Cargo Handling Equipment - Pipelines, Pumps,
        Heaters, Vaporizers, Re-liquefaction Plants, etc.
  • Inert Gas and Nitrogen Systems
  • Cargo Handling Operations - Loading,  Discharging,
        Lightering - FSRUS / FSOS - Cool-Down, Gas-Up, etc.
  • Ballasting - Cleaning Tanks - Gas Freeing
  • Terminals - Ship / Shore Interface
  • Custody Transfer Measurement / Calculation
  • API / ISO Measurement Standards / GIIGNL Handbook
  • ICS Safety Guide - Gas / Health and Safety
  • Typical Sales Agreements – SPAs
  • Emergency Procedures / Contingency Plans
  • Industry Safety Record – Accidents
  • Industry Trends and Developments


Program Objective:  To provide participants with a practical overview of this fastest growing part of the industry by providing them with a better understanding of the nature of the Liquefied Gas cargoes being carried on ships today, how they are safely handled, accounted for, stored, transported and ultimately used.